The Aether theory is based on the structure of space. Space is not the same thing as volume, although space does have volume. Space also has other characteristics; however, since space is often used to mean volume, I will use the term Aether in explaining the key equations in the Aether Physics Model.

Aether has the property of volume, as mentioned, and Aether also has the property of resonance (frequency squared). The resonance of Aether refers to temporal characteristics of the Aether, which are an oscillation between forward and backward time and an oscillation between right and left temporal torque. The Aether also possesses the property of mass in the same way that the units of potential, resistance, energy, momentum, magnetic flux, and others also possess the mass dimension. Most importantly, Aether also possesses the property of charge, and there are two distinctly different types of charges; electrostatic and magnetic. And Aether also has geometry; Aether's geometrical curvature constant equals 16\pi^{2}.

In terms of MKS units, a quantum Aether unit is equal to:

\(A_{u}=1.419 \times 10^{12}\frac{kg\cdot m^{3}}{sec^{2}\cdot coul^{2}}\)

which is the same as 16\pi^{2} times Coulomb’s electrostatic constant:

\(A_{u}=16\pi^{2}\cdot k_{C}\)

In a system of units where:

\(m_{a}=3.268\times 10^{15}kg\) - mass of the Aether

\(\lambda_{C}=2.426\times 10^{-12}m\) - Compton wavelength

\(F_{q}=1.236\times 10^{20}Hz\) - quantum frequency

\({e_{a}}=2.241\times 10^{4}coul\) - Aether magnetic charge

then the Aether unit expresses as:

\(A_{u}=\frac{m_{a}\cdot {\lambda_{C}}^{3}\cdot {F_{q}}^{2}}{{e_{a}}^{2}}\)

## Key Equations for Subatomic Particles

Subatomic particles are created in Aether units when the Aether unit absorbs a string of mass (dark matter) while producing photons. Photons are created via the Casimir effect (for electrons) and nuclear fission/fusion (for protons). The Casimir effect was predicted by Hendrick Casimir, who theoretically produced the equation:

\(\frac{\pi \cdot h \cdot c}{480 \cdot L^{4}}A=2.208\times10^{-4}newton\)

The Casimir equation is approximately equal to:

\(A_{u}\frac{{e_{emax}}^{2}}{{\lambda_{C}}^{2}}=forc\)

Where \({e_{emax}}^{2}\) is the magnetic charge of the electron and forc is the unit of force in the Quantum Measurements Units. To see the math in greater detail, click here.

Photons are also transferred among atoms via the Aether. When the angular momentum of an electron jumps an orbital within an atom, it produces a photon:

\(phtn=h\cdot c\)

Where \(h\) is the Planck constant for the electron's angular momentum and \(c\) is the speed of photons in the Aether. Notice that \(h\cdot c\) appears in Casimir’s equation, which also refers to the photon.

The subatomic particles are photons captured within an Aether unit, and the captured photon is given a quantity of magnetic charge by the Aether unit, which is proportional to the mass of the subatomic particle's angular momentum.

\(A_{u}=\frac{h \cdot c}{{e_{emax}}^{2}}\)=electron

and the same is true for the proton and the neutron:

\(A_{u}=\frac{h_{p} \cdot c}{{e_{pmax}}^{2}}\)=proton

\(A_{u}=\frac{h_{n} \cdot c}{{e_{nmax}}^{2}}\)=neutron

## Key Equations for the Fundamental Forces

The fundamental forces all have the common factor of Gforce. Gforce has the value and dimensions of:

\(Gforce=1.21\times 10^{44}newton\)

Which is equal in Quantum Measurements Units to:

\(Gforce=m_{a}\cdot \lambda_{C}\cdot {F_{q}}^{2}\)

The fundamental force constants express in terms of Gforce as:

\(A_{u}=Gforce\cdot \frac{{\lambda_{C}}^{2}}{{e_{a}}^{2}}\) - Magnetic Force Constant

\(k_{C}=\frac{Gforce}{{16\pi}^{2} }\cdot \frac{{\lambda_{C}}^{2}}{{e_{a}}^{2}}\) - Electrostatic Force Constant

\(G=Gforce\cdot \frac{{\lambda_{C}}^{2}}{{m_{a}}^{2}}\) - Gravitational Force Constant

The Gforce creates the Aether, and the Aether is itself the magnetic force constant, which is why the Aether imparts a magnetic charge to captured photons. The Aether also imparts an electrostatic charge to captured photons as the Aether has an electrostatic dipole structure, and the captured photons reside on one dipole or the other.

The Gforce is the cause of the Aether. Therefore the Gforce exists outside of the Aether, and therefore the Gforce can impart gravity to both dark matter and to the captured photons within the Aether; hence dark matter gravitationally interacts with the physical matter of galaxies.

## Equations Demonstrating the Equivalence of Space and Matter

The subatomic particles are quantified in terms of the Aether, a significant advantage in physics. Never before has any physicist shown a mathematical relationship between quantum units of space and subatomic particles. In the Aether Physics Model, the electron, proton, and neutron all have equalities to space, greatly advancing the understanding of General Relativity theory regarding quantum mechanics.

\(A_{u}=\frac{h\cdot c}{{e_{emax}}^{2}}\) = electron

\(A_{u}=\frac{h_{p}\cdot c}{{e_{pmax}}^{2}}\) = proton

\(A_{u}=\frac{h_{n}\cdot c}{{e_{nmax}}^{2}}\) = neutron

The Aether unit equals (not just equivalent to) each subatomic particle. This is because each subatomic particle constructs from an Aether unit. What establishes the electron and the proton as subatomic particles is that one of the four spin positions of the Aether has absorbed a string of mass (dark matter) to become a subatomic particle. Due to the physical structure of the Aether unit, the subatomic particle inherits the electrostatic charge of the side of the electric dipole the string of mass resides on in the Aether unit. In addition, the movement of the string of mass within the Aether unit creates the dimension of magnetic charge, which is proportional to the mass of the string of mass. The mass-to-magnetic charge ratio of the subatomic particles is exactly the same mass-to-charge ratio of the quantum Aether unit, which enables the subatomic particle to be a mathematical equality to the space it is created in. This is a phenomenal observation about the foundation of the physical Universe!

## The Neutron Equation Quantifies Folded Space

Further, the neutron is then shown to result from an electron folded over on top of a proton such that the two particles become one particle and equal still to just one Aether unit!

\(\frac{h_{n}\cdot c}{{e_{nmax}}^{2}}=\sqrt{\frac{h\cdot c}{{e_{emax}}^{2}}\cdot \frac{h_{p}\cdot c}{{e_{pmax}}^{2}}}\)

The significance of the neutron being quantified as an electron folded over on top of a proton is that the General Relativity theory is based on only half the mass of a physical object. It turns out that neutrons always make up half the mass of stable atomic matter. So General Relativity theory refers only to the neutron content of massive objects and not the object's total mass. A true gravity theory is based on the total mass of the objects involved, and therefore General Relativity should not be considered a gravitational theory but a neutron pinching theory.

As the neutron results from an electron folding over on top of a proton, this behavior causes the general Aether fabric to be pinched and thus draws space in toward any object made with neutrons. This new insight into the relationship of space and physical matter could be applied to the Riemann coordinate system, where each point in the coordinate system is an Aether unit and exhibits the physical properties of the equations above. A neutron would count as a pinched space, which would cause the surrounding Aether to be stretched inward. With all the Aether properties plugged into the Riemann coordinate system, General Relativity would be fully compatible with Classical Mechanics, Newton's gravitational law, and Quantum Mechanics.