Article Index


The "lines of force" envisioned by Maxwell are represented in the Aether Physics Model as the tubular double loxodromes in the Aether units. The tubular double loxodromes adjoin each other; thus the lines are the continuity of the tubular loxodromes from one Aether unit to the next.

In order to bring these results within the power of symbolical calculation, I then express them in the form of the General Equations of the Electromagnetic Field. These equations express:

(A) The relation between electric displacement, true conduction, and the total current, compounded of both.

(B) The relation between the lines of magnetic force and the inductive coefficients of a circuit, as already deduced from the laws of induction.

(C) The relation between the strength of a current and its magnetic effects, according to the electromagnetic system of measurement.

(D) the value of the electromotive force in a body, as arising from the motion of the body in the field, the alternation of the field itself, and the variation of electric potential from one part of the field to another.

(E) The relation between electric displacement, and the electromotive force which produces it.

(F) The relation between an electric current, and the electromotive force which produces it.

(G) The relation between the amount of free electricity at any point, and the electric displacements in the neighbourhood.

(H) The relation between the increase of diminution of free electricity and the electric currents in the neighbourhood.

There are twenty of these equations in all, involving twenty variable quantities.

(19) I then express in terms of these quantities the intrinsic energy of the Electromagnetic Field as depending partly on its magnetic and partly on its polarization at every point.

It is clear from proposed equation (E) that Maxwell considered electric displacement to be a key part of his theory. He differentiated it from proposed equation (F), which is about the electric current. These two equations are founded in the reality that there are two very distinct manifestations of charges, as quantified in the Aether Physics Model. Electrostatic charge applies to the electric displacement while electromagnetic charge applies to the electric current. The lack of this understanding as well as the incorrect notation of charge in the units basically means all of electrodynamic theory needs to be rewritten.

Further, Maxwell directly states the Electromagnetic Field (Aether fabric) is composed of polarized magnetic and polarized electric structures. Once again, this corresponds exactly to the structure of the Aether as revealed in the APM.

Aside from these problems, the real reason Heaviside reduced Maxwell's 20 equations to just four is because most of Maxwell's equations directly quantified matter's interaction with the Aether. Scientists grew weary of trying to understand the Aether after failing to understand the true nature of charge and simply tried to remove it from science. What a scandal!

From this I determine the mechanical force acting, 1st, on a moveable conductor carrying an electric current; 2ndly, on a magnetic pole; 3rdly, on an electrified body.

The last result, namely, the mechanical force acting on an electrified body, gives rise to an independent method of electrical measurement founded on its electrostatic effects. The relation between the units employed in the two methods is shown to depend on what I have called the "electric elasticity" of the medium, and to be a velocity, which has been experimentally determined by MM. Weber and Kohlrausch. 

I then show how to calculate the electrostatic capacity of a condenser, and the specific inductive capacity of a dielectric.

The case of a condenser composed of parallel layers of substances of different electric resistances and inductive capacities is next examined, and it is shown that the phenomenon called electric absorption will generally occur, that is, the condenser, when suddenly discharged, will after a short time show signs of a residual charge.

This residual charge described by Maxwell has been one of the topics of exploitation by many engineers attempting to build free energy devices. Since the full energy of the charge and discharge of the capacitor have been accounted for, the residual buildup of charge amounts to an potential arising without the need to expend energy.

(20) The general equations are next applied to the case of a magnetic disturbance propagated through a non-conducting field, and it is shown that the only disturbances which can be so propagated are those which are transverse to the direction of propagation, and that the velocity of propagation is the velocity v, found from experiments such