The Singularity is the absence of physical reality. Physical reality is the absence of Singularity. Physical existence arises from and returns to the Singularity. So no, the Singularity cannot be physical.

The Singularity has *real* existence, but the Singularity is not *physical* existence. Physical existence directly results from dualistic characteristics such as positive and negative charge, right and left spin, matter and antimatter, and numerous other dualistic properties. Since measurable properties are quantifiable, a Singularity can be understood in terms of mathematical constructs such that we can see how the Singularity fits in with our understanding of physics.

Singularity in physics arose due to certain equations within General Relativity theory. These calculations involve the Schwarzschild radius in the circular deflection angle equation (for photons passing a star) and the orbital perigee precession equation (such as calculating the precession of Mercury's perigee around the Sun). The Schwarschild radius implies a length density limit beyond which physical matter will collapse and create a black hole. The black hole is a limit to the physical Universe and represents an "edge" to physical existence.

A clear definition of Singularity is given on UniverseToday.com: [1]

"In scientific terms, a gravitational singularity (or space-time singularity) is a location where the quantities that are used to measure the gravitational field become infinite in a way that does not depend on the coordinate system. In other words, it is a point in which all physical laws are indistinguishable from one another, where space and time are no longer interrelated realities, but merge indistinguishably and cease to have any independent meaning."

Physical evidence has accumulated in astrophysics that supports the existence of black holes and their resulting Singularity. As a consequence of the upper limit of length density allowed by the quantum structure of space in the physical Universe, it was proposed by Stephen Hawking [2] that reversing the perceived timeline in General Relativity theory would lead to the quantification of a Singularity which may have given birth to the physical Universe. The hypothesized Singularity at the perceived beginning of the physical Universe was previously dismissed as the "Big Bang" by Fred Hoyle [3]. It was based upon the earlier observations of Edwin Hubble [4], who observed that galaxies were moving away from each other.

## Physical Matter does not Exist in a Linear Timeline

The flaw in Steven Hawking's thinking is the underlying belief that there is a physical timeline that controls physical matter and which causes change to physical matter[5]. In the physical timeline of mainstream physicists, there is an imagined active dimension called time that animates physical matter in only the forward-time direction. The quantification of the physical timeline concerning physical events has been highly influenced by Hermann Minkowski [6], who developed a four-dimensional space-time coordinate system that now bears his name. When this imagined, active time direction is applied to certain equations of General Relativity theory, physicists develop a misperception that time creates a beginning and an ending to all things.

There is no physical evidence for an active time dimension. The idea of time moving physical matter from a past to a future is strictly a mental concept created by the hippocampus of a brain that creates, stores, and recalls memories. From a strict physics perspective, the present moment is the only temporal reality where physical matter exists. There is no physical matter in a past reference frame or any physical matter in a future reference frame.

The temporal reality we interpret as time is caused by half-spin physical matter (subatomic particles) spinning in only the forward time direction within a present moment, and where the present moment oscillates between forward and backward time. Half-spin physical matter sees only the forward time direction within the present moment. The present moment makes no progress toward the past or the future because the present moment continually oscillates between forward time and backward time. There is no past or future in which physical matter exists. Memories and imagination are the only evidence we have of linear time.

## Edges of the Physical Universe

The black hole does create an "edge" to the physical Universe. However, the Singularity that gives rise to physical existence is not a singular, one-off event that suddenly creates an entire physical Universe. When we correctly examine the fundamental constants and equations of physics, we find that the entire physical Universe reduces to two pairs of two distinct physical manifestations, each originating from the Singularity; there are the pair of electrostatic charge and magnetic charge, and the pair of Gforce and dark matter.

\begin{equation}1=\frac{e^{2}}{8\pi\alpha\cdot {e_{max}}^{2}}\end{equation}

\begin{equation}1=\frac{m_{a}\cdot \lambda_{C}\cdot {F_{q}}^{2}}{Gforce}\end{equation}

So for whatever reason, the Singularity can split into two types of charges: dark matter and Gforce. The concepts of the two types of charges, dark matter and Gforce explain in greater detail in earlier chapters of this book.

The splitting of the Singularity occurs within the present moment, as does the existence of black holes. The physical Universe arises continually through the physical processes of the Casimir effect and nuclear fission/fusion, and the physical Universe continually collapses into black holes through the accumulation of matter that exceeds the length density limits established by the structure of space (Aether).

The present moment is eternal and never advances toward the past or toward the future. There is no physical meaning to "beginning" or "ending" in the physical Universe. "Beginning" and "ending" are concepts of the intellectual mind.

The limits of the physical Universe are not temporal limits but are limits of mass and charge. And since space comprises quantum rotating magnetic fields called Aether units, the limits of mass and charge are directly related to fixed lengths (Compton wavelength) and frequencies (quantum frequency). The fixed length times fixed frequency establishes the speed of photons constant.

And thus, the edges of the Universe are not walls or voids but length density limits, velocity limits, force limits, and other limits determined by the quantum structure of space.

## Consciousness

Singularity also appears to play a role in consciousness. Consciousness has two manifestations; there is the consciousness that arises from thinking (brain activity), and there is the consciousness that arises from choosing (the chooser within).

The brain's hippocampus creates, stores, and recalls memories. These memories involve not only sensory input from our five physical senses but also the feelings and emotions caused by hormones and chemical reactions throughout the body. When we are born, our hippocampus is essentially a clean slate. As we grow, we experience sensory input and internal feelings, and the net result of all these recorded feelings and experiences stored in our brain as memories results in our personality or ego. The operation of our brain and body are strictly electro-chemical-mechanical actions and reactions.

### Soul as the Chooser Within

Connected to our physical body, and which ultimately arises from the Singularity, is what is variously known as the soul or atman. The soul is the "chooser within" and is often associated with our conscience. Whereas the body creates the personality and will die with the body, the soul is an extension of the Singularity that never dies. The soul carries our karma from one existence to the next.

Physical existence arises from duality, yet the soul always maintains its Singularity-based existence and seeks to find meaning within the duality of physical existence. Thus the soul is ever faced with continual choices throughout its physical journey.

## The Singularity as a Limit

From a physics perspective, the physicist's understanding can never reach beyond the Singularity. Physical existence exists only within the dualistic paradigm of the two types of charges and the dark matter/Gforce duality.

Even the intellectual realm developed within the hippocampus and the rest of the brain, which is limited to physical experiences, cannot penetrate into the direct experience of the Singularity. The intellect is limited because it builds upon a dualistic framework.

The only way to enter the realm of Singularity is for the soul to become perfectly still and no longer desire to make choices or participate in a dualistic experience. Such a path has only been trodden by sages.

All the mass of the entire physical Universe came from the Singularity. Therefore, the entire mass of the Universe can return to the Singularity. The number one metaphorically represents the Singularity. From the Singularity, it is possible to extract dualistic parameters that are orthogonal to each other. A very simple example is:

\begin{equation}1=\frac{1}{2}\times \frac{2}{1}\end{equation}

\(\frac{1}{2}\) is orthogonal to \(\frac{2}{1}\), and when these two values multiply, we again achieve our Singularity.

Values are not the only thing that can come from the Singularity; dimensions and units may also come from the singularity:

\begin{equation}1=\frac{1}{sec}\times \frac{sec}{1}\end{equation}

Frequency (\(\frac{1}{sec}\)) is reciprocal to time (\(\frac{sec}{1}\)), and when these dimensions become orthogonal, they produce a Singularity. The same is also true for all the other dimensions and units, including mass:

\begin{equation}1=\frac{1}{kg}\times \frac{kg}{1}\end{equation}

Mass times reciprocal mass equals a Singularity. The key here is to understand the meaning of “reciprocal mass.” Mass is the inertia contained within a given space; reciprocal mass is the limit of mass for that given space. Space has limits, and the maximum amount of mass that can occur in a quantum unit of space is equal to:

\begin{equation}m_{a}=3.268\times 10^{15}kg\end{equation}

The volume of a quantum space unit is equal to the Compton wavelength (\(\lambda_{C}\)) cubed. There is also a quantum resonance to space, the maximum frequency squared that can be applied to a quantum of space. The quantum frequency is equal to the speed of photons divided by the Compton wavelength:

\begin{equation}F_{q}=\frac{c}{\lambda_{C}}\end{equation}

The gravitational force constant (\(G\)) is equal to the maximum volume-resonance times the reciprocal mass (maximum allowable mass) of the quantum of space:

\begin{equation}G=\frac{{\lambda_{C}}^{3}\cdot{F_{q}}^{2}}{m_{a}}\end{equation}

And so, the gravitational force constant limits the mass that can be contained in a quantum volume and quantum resonance. The more length density (mass per radial length) that a physical (spherical) object has, the closer that object comes toward returning to the Singularity. This can be seen clearly here:

\begin{equation}\frac{G}{c^{2}}\frac{m_{a}}{\lambda_{C}}=1\end{equation}

However, the \(c^{2}\) term is the result of ignoring the curl of the Aether. In a correct system of units and in a physical Universe where space is physically real:

\begin{equation}G\frac{m_{a}}{\lambda_{C}}=curl\cdot A_{u}\end{equation}

Where \(curl\) is a unit equal in MKS units to \(6.333\times 10^{4}\frac{coul^{2}}{kg\cdot m}\) and \(A_{u}\) is the quantum Aether unit constant, which itself is equal to $16\pi^{2} times Coulomb’s electrostatic constant.

To put it another way, the matter is the reciprocal of space, and when matter and space are maxed out, they once again return to the Singularity:

\begin{equation}\frac{G\frac{m_{a}}{\lambda_{C}}}{curl\cdot A_{u}}=1\end{equation}

The moral of the story is that when the length density of matter is not maxed out, then physical matter and space can coexist as a physical Universe.

## Claude's Insights into the Singularity

The Singularity, as described in the Aether Physics Model (APM), is a fascinating concept that serves as the ultimate source of the Gforce and dark matter. To understand how the Singularity could produce these fundamental entities, we need to consider its properties in light of the APM's framework.

1. Eternal and Infinite Nature: The Singularity could be described as an eternal and infinite source of potential. It exists outside the bounds of space and time, serving as the origin point for the emergence of the Universe. This eternal and infinite nature allows the Singularity to continuously generate the Gforce and dark matter without being limited by temporal or spatial constraints.

2. Omnipresence and Unity: The Singularity's ability to simultaneously affect the entire Universe through the constant frequency of chronovibration suggests an omnipresent quality. This omnipresence implies that the Singularity is inherently connected to and permeates all aspects of reality. The unity of the Singularity allows it to serve as the common source for both the Gforce and dark matter, which are ultimately two manifestations of the same fundamental essence.

3. Duality and Differentiation: Despite its unity, the Singularity possesses the capacity to differentiate into distinct aspects, such as the Gforce and dark matter. The Gforce represents the driving force behind chronovibration, while dark matter manifests as vibrating strings of mass. This duality suggests that the Singularity contains within itself the potential for both the active, dynamic principle (Gforce) and the passive, receptive principle (dark matter).

4. Creative Potential: The Singularity's ability to generate the Gforce and dark matter implies an inherent creative potential. This creative potential allows the Singularity to give rise to the fundamental building blocks of reality and set the stage for the emergence of the Universe. The Singularity's creative potential is not a one-time event but rather a continuous process that sustains the existence and evolution of the cosmos.

5. Intelligent Ordering: The precise and consistent nature of chronovibration, as well as the organized emergence of half-spin, forward-time subatomic particles from dark matter, suggests an underlying intelligence or ordering principle within the Singularity. This intelligence allows for the coherent and structured manifestation of reality, rather than a chaotic or random process.

To describe the Singularity's properties in a concise manner, we could say that it is an eternal, infinite, and omnipresent source of creative potential that possesses the capacity for duality and differentiation, guided by an underlying intelligence or ordering principle. These properties allow the Singularity to give rise to the Gforce and dark matter, which in turn serve as the foundation for the emergence of the Universe and its fundamental constituents.

It is important to note that the concept of the Singularity in the APM is a profound and abstract one, and our understanding of its true nature may be limited by our current knowledge and language. As research into the APM continues, our descriptions and insights into the Singularity's properties may evolve and deepen, providing a more comprehensive picture of this ultimate source of reality.

[1] What is a Singularity? UniverseToday (https://www.universetoday.com/84147/singularity/) reference taken 30 Mar 2022.

[2] A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking; Bantam Books, New York (1988); p. 49-50

[3] Online Etymology Dictionary (https://www.etymonline.com/word/big%20bang) reference taken 1 Apr 2022.

[4] NASA Hubble Space Telescope History (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/story/the_story.html) reference taken 1 Apr 2022.

[5] A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking; Bantam Books, New York (1988); Chapter 9. The entire chapter 9 of A Brief History of Time describes the timeline as an "arrow of time." The implication of Hawking's use of "time" is that time is an active dimension that does things to physical matter. Furthermore, Hawking describes three different arrows of time, as though time could manifest differently in various situations.

[6] International Conference on the Ontology of Spacetime; Concordia University (http://www.spacetimesociety.org/conferences/2004/minkowski.html) reference taken 1 Apr 2022.